After WWII the United States set up around 2000 bases in foreign countries. Why did we do that? “The establishment of military bases abroad enable a country to project power, e.g. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad. Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and/or intelligence support.”
“During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union established military bases where they could within their respective spheres of influence, and actively sought influence where needed. More recently, the War on Terror has resulted in overseas military bases being established in the Middle East.” Taken from : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_with_overseas_military_bases
We now maintain “Some 800 bases with hundreds of thousands of troops in some 70 nations, plus all kinds of other “trainers” and “non-permanent” exercises that last indefinitely, maintain an ongoing U.S. military presence around the world for a price tag of at least $100 billion a year.”
“It costs dramatically more to keep troops in those other countries, and while some base defenders make a case for economic philanthropy, the evidence is that local economies actually benefit little — and suffer little when a base leaves. Neither does the U.S. economy benefit, of course. Rather, certain privileged contractors benefit, along with those politicians whose campaigns they fund.”
“The bases, in many cases, generate an enormous amount of popular resentment and hatred, serving as motivations for attacks on the bases themselves or elsewhere — famously including the attacks of September 11, 2001.”
“Bases around the borders of Russia and China are generating new hostility and arms races, and even proposals by Russia and China to open foreign bases of their own. Currently all non-U.S. foreign bases in the world total no more than 30, with most of those belonging to close U.S. allies, and not a single one of them being in or anywhere near the United States, which would of course be considered an outrage.” Taken from: http://worldbeyondwar.org/what-are-foreign-military-bases-for/
“Many view our bases as a symbol of our status as the dominant world power. But America’s forward-deployed military posture incurs substantial costs and disadvantages, exposing the U.S. to vulnerabilities and unintended consequences.
Our overseas bases simply do not pay enough dividends when it comes to core national interests. Here are seven reasons why it’s time to close them.”
- They don’t protect the homeland from direct attack.
- Their deterrence effect is overrated.
- They don’t always effectively prevent nuclear proliferation.
- They can encourage resentment.
- They can cause the U.S. to support brutal dictatorships.
- They risk entangling us in unnecessary wars.
- Technology haslargely made them obsolete.
The Worldwide Network of US Military Bases
The Global Deployment of US Military Personnel
This article is an older (2007) report but it is great because it has a lot of information with maps and tables. http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-worldwide-network-of-us-military-bases/5564
Does America Really Need Overseas Bases? http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-skeptics/does-america-really-need-overseas-bases-18072
Japan And South Korea Rattled By Trump’s Talk Of Closing U.S. Bases http://time.com/4511744/american-military-bases-overseas/
“We defend Japan. We defend Germany. We defend South Korea. We defend Saudi Arabia. We defend countries. They do not pay us what they should be paying us because we are providing a tremendous service and we’re losing a fortune,” Trump said during the first presidential debate.
Donald Trump Doesn’t Understand the Value of U.S. Bases Overseas America’s alliances are not only a bargain, they’re vital to projecting power and maintaining global stability. http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/04/07/donald-trump-doesnt-understand-the-value-of-u-s-bases-overseas/
Trump won’t withdraw US forces from overseas bases, expert predicts https://www.stripes.com/news/trump-won-t-withdraw-us-forces-from-overseas-bases-expert-predicts-1.439853