Ever since their inception, computers have been evolving at a rate explained by Moore’s Law. Moore’s law states that the computing power doubles about every two years. Of course this is not a hard and fast law of science, but the actuality has conformed remarkably well to the theory for the last 50 years. Soon there will be physical limitations in being able to make circuits smaller than the several atoms thick, but there have always been innovations like organic computers, the use of light, superconductors, graphene circuits etc. that keep Moore’s law valid. Once computers start designing and programming themselves, the technology can accelerate exponentially.
People don’t understand what doubling power is like until they hear the story about the chessboard and the rice. If you put one piece in one square and then double that in the next and then double that etc. By the time the chess board is filled there isn’t enough rice in the kingdom.
If computing power is accelerating at a similar rate, while our understanding of artificial intelligence increases, and as billions of computing devices can be interconnected in a vast neural network, what are the limits? Isaac Asimov explored that question in a short story called “The Last Question”. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ojEq-tTjcc0
In 1996 a super computer made by IBM called Deep Blue played a chess tournament against the reining human champion, Gary Kasparov, and beat him. In 2011 another IBM supercomputer called Watson was loaded up with as much information as they could find, and it beat the two reining Jeopardy champions. How long before they take our jobs? http://singularityhub.com/2013/05/15/moshe-vardi-robots-could-put-humans-out-of-work-by-2045/
Computers are already better than we are for many skills. How long before robots are better than us in all areas, and humans become obsolete? http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2012/apr/01/ai-artificial-intelligence-robots-sautoy
What would happen if the computers can be implanted and interact with humans brains? Will human hybrids be competitive? What happens if human emotions, memories, intelligence, and curiosity, essentially our essences, can be placed in immortal mechanical bodies? http://www.wallstreetdaily.com/2011/08/23/ibm-is-putting-the-human-brain-in-a-computer/
What about robot morality? Will they have the equivalent of Azimov’s laws of robotics, that will protect humans, or will the robots decide that humans are a scourge on the earth and decide to exterminate them as in the Terminator series? http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/elon-musk-stephen-hawking-sound-alarm-about-robots-artificial-intelligence-1.2681806
Will there be laws and prisons for robots? Will there be a heaven and hell?
Michio Kaku: Could We Transport Our Consciousness Into Robots? 3:30 min http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tT1vxEpE1aI
Artificial Intelligence: Thinking Big – 10.min http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eq-AHmD8xz0
Stanford Self-Improving Artificial Intelligence 1:10 hr http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=omsuTsOmvsc
A Russian Computer recently passed the Turing test, which is a test to indicate if the computer has reached the stage of artificial intelligence. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140609093827.htm
Google’s Deep Mind Explained! – Self Learning A.I. 13 min. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TnUYcTuZJpM
What happens when our computers get smarter than we are? | Nick Bostrom 16 min. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MnT1xgZgkpk
Can we build AI without losing control over it? | Sam Harris 14:30 min https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nt3edWLgIg
Don’t fear superintelligent AI | Grady Booch 10:30 min. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0HsPBKfhoI